Wood species explained

Species is the term giving to different types of wood. Nobody knows how many diverse wood species is available due to no universal worldwide identification technique. Although it has been assessed that there are more than 25,000 diverse species. We have listed 329 of the most known wood species below. These have been categorised into the wood types; Angiosperms (Hardwoods) and Coniferous (Softwoods).

Read: Interesting article about wood species. 

Our bulk bags contain a mixture of British hardwood sourced from a responsible woodland thinning process. The species of wood that we typically source include Ash, Beech and Oak. We do not target specific wood species for the purpose of sustainability.


A-Z list of 329x wood species:

Wood SpeciesType
Abachi (Triplochiton scleroxylon)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Acacia (Acacia sp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
African blackwood, mpingo (Dalbergia melanoxylon)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
African ebony (Diospyros crassiflora)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
African mahogany (Khaya spp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
African padauk (Pterocarpus soyauxii)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Afzelia, doussi (Afzelia africana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Agba, tola (Gossweilerodendron balsamiferum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Alder (Alnus)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Alerce (Fitzroya cupressoides)Coniferous (Softwood)
Alpine ash (Eucalyptus delegatensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
American basswood (Tilia americana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
American beech (Fagus grandifolia)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
American birchesAngiosperms (Hardwood)
American chestnut (Castanea dentata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
American elm (Ulmus americana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
American hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
American muskwood (Guarea grandifolia)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Andaman marblewood (Diospyros kurzii)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Andiroba   (Carapa guianensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
AraucariaConiferous (Softwood)
Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica)Coniferous (Softwood)
Ash (Fraxinus)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Aspen (Populus)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)Coniferous (Softwood)
Australian blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Australian oak (Eucalyptus obliqua)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Australian red cedar (Toona ciliata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Australian red cedar, Indian mahogany (Toona ciliata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Ayan, movingui (Distemonanthus benthamianus)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Balau (Shorea spp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Bald cypress, southern cypress (Taxodium distichum)Coniferous (Softwood)
Balsa (Ochroma pyramidale)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Balsam fir (Abies balsamea)Coniferous (Softwood)
Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Banglay, southern mahogany (Eucalyptus botryoides)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Basswood, lindenAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Bastard Mahogany (Carapa guianensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Bead-Tree, White Cedar, Persian Lilac, (Melia azedarach)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Bigleaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Birch (Betula)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Black alder (Alnus glutinosa)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Black ash (Fraxinus nigra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Black birch (Betula nigra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Black cherry (Prunus serotina)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Black ironwood (Krugiodendron ferreum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Black maple (Acer nigrum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Black poplar (Populus nigra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Black spruce (Picea mariana)Coniferous (Softwood)
Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Black willow (Salix nigra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Blackbean (Castanospermum australe)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
BlackwoodAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Bloodwood (Brosimum rubescens)[3]Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Blue ash (Fraxinus quadrangulata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Borneo ironwood (Eusideroxylon zwageri)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Boxelder (Acer negundo)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Boxelder (Acer negundo)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Boxwood, common box (Buxus sempervirens)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Brazilian ironwood, pau ferro (Caesalpinia ferrea)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Brazilian walnut (Ocotea porosa)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Brazilwood (Caesalpinia echinata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Brown mallet (Eucalyptus astringens)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Buckeye (Aesculus)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Butternut (Juglans cinerea)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
California bay laurel (Umbellularia californica)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Canyon live oak (Quercus chrysolepis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Cape chestnut (Calodendrum capense)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Carapa (Carapa guianensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Catalina ironwood (Lyonothamnus floribundus)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Catalpa, catawba (Catalpa)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Cedar (Cedrus)Coniferous (Softwood)
Celery-top pine (Phyllocladus aspleniifolius)Coniferous (Softwood)
Ceylon ebony (Diospyros ebenum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Ceylon ironwood (Mesua ferrea)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Ceylon satinwood (Chloroxylon swietenia)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Cherry (Prunus)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Chestnut oak (Quercus prinus)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Chinese mahogany (Toona sinensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Chinkapin oak (Quercus muhlenbergii)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Coachwood (Ceratopetalum apetalum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Coast Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii)Coniferous (Softwood)
Coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens)Coniferous (Softwood)
Cocobolo (Dalbergia retusa)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Common ash (Fraxinus excelsior)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Common walnut (Juglans regia)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Corkwood (Leitneria floridana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
CottonwoodAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Crabwood (Carapa guianensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Cricket-bat willow (Salix alba ‘Caerulea’)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Cypress (Chamaecyparis, Cupressus, Taxodium)Coniferous (Softwood)
Dark Bosse, Pink Mahogany (Guarea thompsonii)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Demerara Mahogany (Carapa guianensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Desert ironwood (Olneya tesota)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Diesel tree (Copaifera langsdorffii)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Dogwood (Cornus spp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)Coniferous (Softwood)
Downy birch (Betula pubescens)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Eastern black oak (Quercus velutina)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Eastern black walnut (Juglans nigra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)Coniferous (Softwood)
Eastern red cedar, (Juniperus virginiana)Coniferous (Softwood)
Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)Coniferous (Softwood)
Ebène marbre (Diospyros melanida)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Ebony (Diospyros)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
ElmAngiosperms (Hardwood)
English elm (Ulmus procera)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
English oak (Quercus robur)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
EucalyptusAngiosperms (Hardwood)
European aspen (Populus tremula)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
European birchesAngiosperms (Hardwood)
European black pine (Pinus nigra)Coniferous (Softwood)
European crabapple (Malus sylvestris)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
European larch (Larix decidua)Coniferous (Softwood)
European mapleAngiosperms (Hardwood)
European pear (Pyrus communis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
European yew (Taxus baccata)Coniferous (Softwood)
Fir (Abies)Coniferous (Softwood)
Flooded gum, rose gum (Eucalyptus grandis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Genuine mahogany (Swietenia)[6]Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Giant ironwood (Choricarpia subargentea)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Gonçalo alves (Astronium spp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Gray birch (Betula populifolia)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Greenheart (Chlorocardium rodiei)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Grenadilla, mpingo (Dalbergia melanoxylon)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Grey ironbark (Eucalyptus paniculata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Guaiacwood (Guaiacum officinale)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Guanandi (Calophyllum brasiliense)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Gum (Eucalyptus)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Gumbo limbo (Bursera simaruba)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Hard mapleAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Hemlock (Tsuga)Coniferous (Softwood)
Hickory (Carya)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa)Coniferous (Softwood)
Holywood (Guaiacum sanctum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii)Coniferous (Softwood)
Hornbeam (Carpinus spp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Horse-chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Huon pine, Macquarie pine (Lagarostrobos franklinii)Coniferous (Softwood)
Hybrid black poplar (Populus × canadensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Indian Mahogany, Chickrassy, Chittagong wood (Chukrasia velutina)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Indian sandalwood (Santalum album)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Indonesian mahogany, Suren (Toona sureni)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Ipê (Handroanthus spp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Iroko, African teak (Milicia excelsa)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
IronwoodAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Jacarandá de Brasil (Dalbergia nigra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Jacarandá-boca-de-sapo (Jacaranda brasiliana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Jack pine (Pinus banksiana)Coniferous (Softwood)
Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi)Coniferous (Softwood)
Japanese nutmeg-yew, kaya (Torreya nucifera)Coniferous (Softwood)
Jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Jatobá (Hymenaea courbaril)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Karri (Eucalyptus diversicolor)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Kauri (New Zealand) (Agathis australis)Coniferous (Softwood)
Kingwood (Dalbergia cearensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Kosipo, (Entandrophragma candollei)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
LacewoodAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Larch (Larix)Coniferous (Softwood)
Laurel oak (Quercus laurifolia)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Lawson’s cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana)Coniferous (Softwood)
Lebombo ironwood Androstachys johnsoniiAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Light Bosse, Pink Mahogany (Guarea cedrata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Lignum vitaeAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Limba (Terminalia superba)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda)Coniferous (Softwood)
LocustAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta)Coniferous (Softwood)
London plane (Platanus × acerifolia)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris)Coniferous (Softwood)
Lyptus: Flooded gum (Eucalyptus grandis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
MahoganyAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Maple (Acer)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Marblewood (Marmaroxylon racemosum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Marri, red gum (Corymbia calophylla)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)Coniferous (Softwood)
Meranti (Shorea spp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Merbau, ipil (Intsia bijuga)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Monkey puzzle tree (Araucaria araucana)Coniferous (Softwood)
Monterey pine (Pinus radiata)Coniferous (Softwood)
Mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana)Coniferous (Softwood)
Mountain Mahogany, Bottle Tree (Entandrophragma caudatumi)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Mugga, red ironbark (Eucalyptus sideroxylon)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Noble fir (Abies procera)Coniferous (Softwood)
Nootka cypress (Cupressus nootkatensis)Coniferous (Softwood)
Northern red oak (Quercus rubra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Northern silky oak (Cardwellia sublimis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis)Coniferous (Softwood)
Norway spruce (Picea abies)Coniferous (Softwood)
Nuttall’s oak (Quercus texana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Oak (Quercus)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Ohio buckeye (Aesculus glabra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Okoumé (Aucoumea klaineana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Olive (Olea europaea)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Olive (Olea spp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Oregon ash (Fraxinus latifolia)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
other mahoganyAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Overcup oak (Quercus lyrata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Pacific Coast mahogany (Swietenia humilis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Pacific silver fir (Abies amabilis)Coniferous (Softwood)
Panga-panga (Millettia stuhlmannii)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Paper birch (Betula papyrifera)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Paraná pine (Araucaria angustifolia)Coniferous (Softwood)
Pecan (Carya illinoinensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Persian ironwood (Parrotia persica)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Philippine mahogany, Calantis, Kalantis (Toona calantas)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Pignut hickory (Carya glabra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Pine (Pinus)Coniferous (Softwood)
Pink ivory (Berchemia zeyheri)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Pitch pine (Pinus rigida)Coniferous (Softwood)
Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa)Coniferous (Softwood)
PoplarAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Post oak (Quercus stellata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Pumpkin ash (Fraxinus profunda)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Purpleheart (Peltogyne spp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Queensland kauri (Australia) (Agathis robusta)Coniferous (Softwood)
Queensland maple (Flindersia brayleyana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Queensland walnut (Endiandra palmerstonii)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Ramin (Gonystylus spp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Red alder (Alnus rubra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Red cedarConiferous (Softwood)
Red cherry (Prunus pensylvanica)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Red mahogany (Eucalyptus resinifera)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Red maple (Acer rubrum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Red oakAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Red pine (North America) (Pinus resinosa)Coniferous (Softwood)
Red spruce (Picea rubens)Coniferous (Softwood)
Redheart, chakté-coc (Erythroxylon mexicanum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Redwood (Eucalyptus transcontinentalis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Rimu (Dacrydium cupressinum)Coniferous (Softwood)
River red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Rock elm (Ulmus thomasii)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca)Coniferous (Softwood)
Royal Mahogany (Carapa guianensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Śāl (Shorea robusta)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Sandalwood (Santalum spp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Sapele (Entandrophragma cylindricum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Satiné, satinwood (Brosimum rubescens)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Scots pine, red pine (UK) (Pinus sylvestris)Coniferous (Softwood)
Shagbark hickory (Carya ovata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Sheoak, Polynesian ironwood (Casuarina equisetifolia)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata)Coniferous (Softwood)
Silky oak (Grevillea robusta)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Silver birch (Betula pendula)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Silver fir (Abies alba)Coniferous (Softwood)
Silver maple (Acer saccharinum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Silver wattle (Acacia dealbata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Sipo, Utile (Entandrophragma utile)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis)Coniferous (Softwood)
Slippery elm, red elm (Ulmus rubra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Soft mapleAngiosperms (Hardwood)
Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Southern red oak (Quercus falcata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Southern sassafras (Atherosperma moschatum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Southern yellow pineConiferous (Softwood)
Spanish Cedar, Cedro, Brazilian Mahogany (Cedrela odorata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Spanish elm (Cordia alliodora)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Spanish-cedar (Cedrela odorata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Spruce (Picea)Coniferous (Softwood)
Sugar maple (Acer saccharum)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana)Coniferous (Softwood)
Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica)Coniferous (Softwood)
Swamp chestnut oak (Quercus michauxii)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Swamp cottonwood (Populus heterophylla)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Swamp mahogany, swamp messmate (Eucalyptus robusta)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Sweet birch (Betula lenta)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Sydney blue gum (Eucalyptus saligna)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Takian (Hopea odorata)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Tallowwood (Eucalyptus microcorys)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Tamarack (Larix laricina)Coniferous (Softwood)
Tamboti (Spirostachys africana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Teak (Tectona grandis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Thailand rosewood (Dalbergia cochinchinensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Tiama, (Entandrophragma angolense)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Tupelo (Nyssa spp.)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Turpentine (Syncarpia glomulifera)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Walnut (Juglans)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Wandoo (Eucalyptus wandoo)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Water oak (Quercus nigra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Weeping willow (Salix babylonica)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Wenge (Millettia laurentii)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
West Indies mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)Coniferous (Softwood)
Western larch (Larix occidentalis)Coniferous (Softwood)
Western red cedar (Thuja plicata)Coniferous (Softwood)
Western white pine (Pinus monticola)Coniferous (Softwood)
White ash (Fraxinus americana)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
White basswood (Tilia heterophylla)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
White cedarConiferous (Softwood)
White mahogany (Eucalyptus acmenoides)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
White oakAngiosperms (Hardwood)
White oak (Quercus alba)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
White pineConiferous (Softwood)
White spruce (Picea glauca)Coniferous (Softwood)
White willow (Salix alba)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Wild cherry (Prunus avium)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Willow (Salix)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Willow oak (Quercus phellos)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Wych elm (Ulmus glabra)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Yellow buckeye (Aesculus flava)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Yellow lapacho (Tabebuia serratifolia)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
York gum (Eucalyptus loxophleba)Angiosperms (Hardwood)
Zingana, African zebrawood (Microberlinia brazzavillensis)Angiosperms (Hardwood)