Wood burning stoves
A wood burning stove consists of a metal container with a chimney for the smoke to escape. Also present is a door (it may also have a place on top to cook on) whereby you can burn wood which provides heat.
Most wood burning stoves are approx. 40-50% more efficient than open fires and allow the owner to regulate the heat output and the rate of burn. The setting up of a wood burning stove will mean that the room is warmer due to the reduction in air flow and the capability of closing the air controls fitted on the appliance.
Photo credit: Stovax.
“One evening when I had my wood burning stove going –
I realised I hadn’t thought of dessert!”
Happiness is…warming yourself on a wood burning stove! A wood-burning stove is practical, a lovely feature in your living room as well as creating a warm and cosy feel. If you are looking to get more knowledgeable on wood burning stoves or even thinking of buying one, you have come to the right place.
We are passionate about wood burning stoves and hope that our love for them will be apparent when reading our expert guide about them. Here is all you need to know about wood burning stoves…
What is a wood burning stove?
A wood-burning stove (which is also called a log burner or wood burner) is a heating appliance. They are typically built without a fixed grate but with a flat base as the wood burns the ashes are collected and when the fire needs more fuel, fresh logs are then added on the top. The stove is connected by ventilating a stovepipe to a suitable flue, which then fills with hot combustion gases once the fuel is ignited. The chimney or flue gases must be hotter than the outside temperature to guarantee combustion gases are drawn out of the fire chamber and up the chimney. Multiple air controls are built in and the result is massively constructive for wood burning because logs combust more effectively and evenly when resting on a bed of ashes, giving the user maximum efficiency and heat output from their wood burning stove.
Why buy a wood burning stove?
It is often a practical way to prevent rising heating bills – according to a ‘Which?’ survey, carried out in 2017, 43% of the stove owners said they believe getting a stove had saved them money!
If that isn’t enough to persuade you then it is also worth considering the environmental benefits of wood burning. It is regarded as a carbon neutral form of energy as during its growth, a tree will absorb the amount of carbon dioxide roughly emitted when it is burned on a wood burning stove or fire – therefore it is a provider of ‘green’ heat.
A useful tip…make you always have a supply of kiln dried logs and firewood by taking advantage of log delivery, available throughout the UK.
The history of wood burning stoves
It is believed that the word stove comes from the old English word ‘stofa’, meaning any individual and enclosed space such as a small room.
It wasn’t until the 16th Century before many British residents moved their fire to stand against a side wall and using a chimney. In earlier times, all families would have lived and slept around a central fireplace in every type of home from the poorest cottage to the greatest castle.
Towards the end of the 18th century the design of fires was enhanced and stoves began to gain a deserved reputation for heat efficiency. America’s Benjamin Franklin invented his own unique cast iron stoves with much improved efficiency in 1744.
In more recent times, as mankind began to be more aware of deforestation, air pollution and climate change, a new creation of innovative, super-efficient stove designs began to appear, such as the wood burning stoves used today around the world.
Different types of wood burning stoves
There are many kind of wood burring stoves to choose from so below gives you a brief guide to the different types.
- Franklin stove (the one invented by Benjamin Franklin) is one of the most resourceful and effectual types of wood-burning fireplace. Many stoves continue to be referred to as “Franklin” stoves.
- Carl Johan Cronstedt. It is believed that this design slightly improved productivity of wood-burning stoves in the mid-18th century.
- A Fireplace insert is available in a variety of sizes, depending on the home. It is a self-contained unit that rests inside the existing fireplace and chimney. They create less smoke and need less wood than a traditional fireplace.
- Rocket mass heater has a super-hot chimney above the fire, which draws the flames to the side and up. This design that takes little wood and leaves little deposit.
Top British wood burning stove manufactures/brands:
Wood burning stoves can range in price from £400 to well over £2000!
Below is a list of the top British brands that we recommend: