How to Make a Good Camp Fire: The Ultimate Guide

Creating a good campfire is an essential skill for outdoor enthusiasts. Whether you’re camping in the wilderness, enjoying a backyard gathering, or preparing for an emergency situation, knowing how to build a campfire safely and effectively can enhance your outdoor experience. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to make a good campfire, from selecting the right location to extinguishing the fire properly.

How to Make a Good Camp Fire

Choosing the Right Location

1. Safety First: Ensure your campfire is at least 15 feet away from tents, trees, bushes, and other flammable materials. Check for overhanging branches that could catch fire.

2. Use Existing Fire Rings: If you’re in a designated campsite, use the existing fire rings. This minimises the environmental impact and is often the safest option.

3. Clear the Area: Remove any dry leaves, grass, and other debris from the area where you plan to build the fire. This reduces the risk of the fire spreading.

Gathering Materials

1. Tinder: This is the material that will catch fire first. Good tinder includes dry leaves, grass, bark, and small twigs. Cotton balls soaked in petroleum jelly are excellent homemade tinder.

2. Kindling: Once the tinder is burning, you’ll need kindling to help the fire grow. Kindling consists of small sticks and branches, typically about the thickness of a pencil.

3. Firewood: The main fuel for your fire. Gather a mix of hardwood (oak, hickory) and softwood (pine, spruce). Hardwood burns longer and hotter, while softwood catches fire more easily.

Building the Fire

1. The Base: Start with a solid base by placing tinder in the center of your fire pit.

2. The Structure: There are several effective ways to build a fire structure:

  • Teepee: Arrange the kindling wood in a cone shape over the tinder, leaving space for air to flow.
  • Log Cabin: Stack the kindling in a crisscross pattern, creating a square structure around the tinder.
  • Lean-To: Place a large piece of kindling firewood in the ground at an angle over the tinder, then lean smaller pieces against it.

Igniting the Fire

1. Light the Tinder: Using matches or a lighter, ignite the tinder from several points. Shield the flame from the wind if necessary.

2. Feed the Fire: Once the tinder catches fire, add more kindling gradually. Avoid adding too much at once, as this can smother the flames.

3. Add Firewood: When the kindling is burning well, start adding firewood. Begin with smaller pieces and gradually move to larger logs. Place the logs in a way that allows air to circulate.

Maintaining the Fire

1. Airflow: A good fire needs oxygen. Ensure there’s enough space between logs for air to flow. If the fire starts to die down, gently blow at the base to revive it.

2. Adding Wood: Add more wood as needed to keep the fire going. Always place new logs on top of the existing firewood, ensuring they catch fire quickly.

Safety Tips

1. Never Leave Unattended: Always keep an eye on the fire. If you need to leave the area, extinguish the fire completely.

2. Keep Water Nearby: Have a bucket of water, sand, or a shovel ready in case you need to control the fire or extinguish it quickly.

3. Wind Awareness: Be cautious of wind direction and strength. High winds can cause the fire to spread rapidly.

Extinguishing the Fire

1. Spread the Coals: Use a stick or shovel to spread the coals and embers. This helps them cool faster.

2. Douse with Water: Pour water over the fire, starting with the embers and working outward. Stir the ashes and embers with a stick to ensure everything is wet.

3. Check for Heat: Feel the area where the fire was with the back of your hand. If it’s still warm, add more water and stir again. Ensure everything is cold before leaving the site.


Building a good campfire is a blend of skill, patience, and safety. By choosing the right location, gathering appropriate materials, constructing an effective structure, and following safety protocols, you can enjoy a cosy and safe campfire experience. Always remember to respect nature and leave no trace, ensuring that future generations can enjoy the great outdoors just as much as you do.

For more tips on outdoor survival and camping, subscribe to our newsletter and explore our other comprehensive guides. Happy camping!