How to Build a Firepit Fire: The Ultimate Guide

Creating the perfect firepit fire can transform your backyard into a warm, inviting space for friends and family. Whether you’re preparing for a cosy evening under the stars or a summer BBQ, mastering the art of building a firepit fire is essential. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to build a firepit fire safely and efficiently, ensuring you get the most out of your outdoor experience.


A firepit fire is more than just a source of heat; it’s a centerpiece for outdoor gatherings, a place for storytelling, and a way to enjoy nature’s ambiance. Building a firepit fire requires knowledge, preparation, and a bit of skill. Follow this comprehensive guide to ensure your firepit fire is both safe and enjoyable.

How to build a firepit fire?

Choosing the Right Firepit

Types of Firepits

  • Wood-burning Firepits: Traditional, offering a classic campfire feel.
  • Gas Firepits: Convenient and easy to start with controlled flames.
  • Portable Firepits: Ideal for small spaces and easy to store away.


  • Location: Choose a spot that is clear of overhanging branches, structures, and flammable materials.
  • Material: Firepits can be made from metal, stone, brick, or concrete. Each material has its pros and cons in terms of durability, heat resistance, and aesthetics.

Essential Tools and Materials

Before you start building your firepit fire, gather these essential tools and materials:

  • Firewood: Dry, seasoned hardwoods like oak, hickory, or maple are best.
  • Kindling: Small sticks or twigs that catch fire easily.
  • Tinder: Dry leaves, grass, or paper to ignite the fire.
  • Firestarter: Matches, lighter, or firestarter blocks.
  • Firepit Screen: To contain sparks.
  • Shovel: For adjusting logs and managing the fire.
  • Water Source: Bucket of water or hose for emergencies.

Safety Precautions

Firepit Placement

  • Ensure your firepit is at least 10 feet away from buildings and combustible materials.
  • Check local regulations regarding firepit usage.

During the Fire

  • Never leave the fire unattended.
  • Keep a fire extinguisher, water, or sand nearby.
  • Be mindful of wind conditions which can spread embers.

Step-by-Step Guide to Building a Firepit Fire

1. Prepare the Firepit

Clear any debris from the firepit. Place a layer of gravel or sand at the bottom to aid drainage and stabilise the base.

2. Arrange the Tinder

Create a small pile of tinder in the centre of the firepit. This material will ignite quickly, providing the initial flames needed to light the kindling.

3. Add Kindling

Form a teepee or log cabin structure around the tinder with your kindling. The teepee structure helps channel air to the center of the fire, promoting efficient burning.

4. Place the Firewood

Carefully arrange the firewood around the kindling structure. If using a teepee structure, lean the larger logs against the kindling teepee. For a log cabin, stack the logs in a square shape, leaving gaps for airflow.

5. Ignite the Fire

Light the tinder using matches or a lighter. Once the tinder catches fire, it will ignite the kindling and, eventually, the firewood logs.

6. Maintain the Fire

As the fire grows, add larger pieces of wood to maintain a steady flame. Use a shovel or poker to adjust the logs and promote even burning.

Tips for Maintaining Your Fire

  • Airflow: Ensure there is adequate airflow by not overstacking the firewood.
  • Log Placement: Place logs strategically to allow continuous burning and prevent smothering the flames.
  • Regular Tending: Periodically add smaller pieces of wood to keep the fire going and maintain heat.

Extinguishing the Fire Safely

1. Let It Burn Down

Allow the fire to burn down to ash and embers. Avoid pouring water directly onto large flames.

2. Spread the Ashes

Use a shovel to spread out the remaining embers, promoting faster cooling.

3. Douse with Water

Slowly pour water over the ashes, stirring the mixture to ensure all embers are extinguished.

4. Check for Hot Spots

Use the back of your hand to feel for any remaining heat. Continue adding water and stirring until completely cool.

Building a firepit fire is a rewarding skill that enhances your outdoor experience. By choosing the right firepit, gathering essential materials, following safety precautions, and adhering to our step-by-step guide, you can create a safe, enjoyable, and memorable firepit fire. Always prioritise safety and enjoy the warmth and ambiance that a well-built fire brings to your gatherings.