Are Fire Pits Illegal in the UK?

Fire pits have become a popular addition to many UK gardens, offering warmth and a cosy atmosphere for outdoor gatherings. However, their legality can be a bit confusing due to varying regulations across different areas. Here’s a comprehensive look at the rules and regulations regarding fire pits in the UK.

General Legality

In general, fire pits are not illegal in the UK. You are permitted to have fires in your garden, including using fire pits, under most circumstances. This includes burning wood, which is legal as long as you adhere to certain guidelines to ensure safety and prevent nuisance.

Are Fire Pits Illegal in the UK?

Smoke Control Areas

One key factor to be aware of is whether you live in a smoke control area. In smoke control zones, which include most of London, and parts of other major cities like Manchester, Birmingham and Glasgow, restrictions are stricter. In these areas, burning wood and coal is generally prohibited unless you use an exempt appliance, such as certain types of wood burners that meet specific standards.

For those living in smoke control areas, alternatives like gas, propane, and ethanol fire pits are recommended. These are considered clean-burning appliances that produce virtually no smoke, making them legal and compliant with local regulations. They are also safer and easier to maintain compared to traditional wood-burning fire pits.

Safety Regulations

Regardless of the type of fire pit you use, there are several safety regulations to follow:

  1. Distance: Fire pits must be placed at a safe distance from any combustible materials. It is recommended to keep them at least 10 feet away from buildings, fences and trees.
  2. Supervision: Never leave a fire pit unattended while it is burning. Ensure all flames and embers are properly extinguished before leaving it.
  3. Weather Conditions: Avoid using fire pits on windy days to prevent sparks and embers from spreading.
  4. Fuel: Only burn appropriate materials, such as kiln dried logs and avoid burning household waste, plastics or any materials that produce harmful smoke.

Local Council Regulations

It is crucial to check with your local council for any specific bylaws or additional regulations that might apply in your area. Some councils have rules about the times of day when you can light fires and the types of materials you can burn. Moreover, causing a smoke nuisance to your neighbours can result in complaints and potential fines, so it’s important to be considerate and follow local guidelines.

Public Spaces

Lighting a fire pit in public spaces requires permission from the landowner or local council. Many public areas, including parks and beaches, have strict regulations against open fires to prevent accidents and environmental damage.


While fire pits are generally legal in the UK, it is essential to be aware of and comply with local regulations, especially if you live in a smoke control area. Opting for gas, propane or ethanol fire pits can provide a safe and legal way to enjoy an outdoor fire. Always prioritise safety and be considerate of your neighbours to ensure a pleasant and trouble-free experience.